With the current 5G deployments, many people ask themselves the question of applications and 5G use cases. 5G will bring many transformations in the possibilities of use thanks to very high speed and very high responsiveness cellular bonds. It will allow many new applications that are not viable today, especially in urban areas and cities.
5G: cities or campaigns, what availability?
As the 5G deployment, what new applications will we will see? What cases of the use of 5G will we discover, generated a higher bandwidth and faster speed?
Yes, life will change with 5G and the new applications it will offer, but not exactly everywhere or in the same way. There will be a fracture of network connectivity and services between urban and rural areas because it is impossible to deploy 5G everywhere immediately.
The fundamental idea behind 5G is a unique network flexible to manage a variety of different use cases. In order to keep the 5G promise, mobile network operators (ORM) must build a dense network with a massive quantity of network nodes that will form the 5G infrastructure.
Each node costs money, and operators invest in priority via upgrades and densification of the network in cities, where they can reach many paid customers and obtain a faster return on investment. In rural areas, the deployment of 5G will be at a slower pace.
Categorization of applications for 5G
The deployment of 5G will offer advantages in three major areas, illustrated under the name of "5G triangle":
- URLLC: Ultra reliable communication with low latency
- MMTC: IoT (Massive Machine Type Communication)
- EMBB: Enhanced Mobile Broadband - Very high speed
Urllc - High availability and low latency for 5G
Ultra reliable communication with low latency (URLLC) will be one of the largest innovations once the 5G is fully deployed. Here we will see new applications that require an answer in a few fractions of a second.
Autonomous vehicles are one of the most anticipated 5G application fields. Vehicle technology is growing rapidly and on -board computer systems are changing with computing power levels previously only accessible from data centers.
We hear a lot about autonomous vehicles today. If there are still many obstacles to make this future technology a reality, thethe latest Developments in vehicle technology, network speed, data flow and automatic learning will be combined to promote mass deployment of these vehicles.
5G networks will be a huge catalyst for autonomous vehicles, due to considerably reduced latency, as vehicles will be able to communicate 10 to 100 times faster than with current cellular networks.
The ultimate goal is a vehicle communication network to any other vehicle (V2X). This will allow vehicles to automatically respond to objects and changes around them almost instantly. A vehicle must be able to send and receive messages in a few milliseconds in order to curb or change direction in response to road signs, dangers and people crossing the street.
Let us compare the 4G and 5G latency: suppose that a car circulating on the road 45 kilometers per hour must receive a signal to avoid hitting an object. With a current 4G latency of approximately 100 milliseconds, a car would cover approximately 1.25 meters. With a 5G latency of approximately 10 milliseconds, the vehicle would only have traveled 12.5 centimeters. The difference is significant and could mean life rather than a dramatic accident.
IoT 5G in the infrastructure of intelligent cities and traffic management
Many cities around the world today deploy smart transport systems (STI) and plan to support connected vehicle technology. Certain aspects of these systems are relatively easy to install using current communication systems which support intelligent traffic management to manage vehicle congestion and transport emergency vehicles.
Connected vehicle technology will allow two -way vehicle vehicle (V2V) and infrastructure vehicle (V2X) communications to promote safety in transport systems. Intelligent cities now install sensors at each intersection to detect movements and make connected and autonomous vehicles react as needed.
The communication ridge to support the technology of connected vehicles can be implemented today, long before the complete deployment of 5G, considerably improving the safety of pedestrians and vehicles.
The Connected Vehicles Program of the US Department of Transport (USDOT) works with national and local transport agencies, vehicle and devices manufacturers and the public to test and assess the technology that will allow cars, bus, trucks, trains , roads and other infrastructure, and our smartphones and other devices to "talk to each other". Cars on the highway, for example, would use short -range radio signals to communicate with each other so that each vehicle on the road know where the other vehicles are located nearby. Drivers would receive notifications and alerts of dangerous situations, such as a person about to pass a red light as an intersection or a car coming in the opposite direction, out of sight beyond A turn, engaging in their path to avoid an object on the road.
IoT 5G applications in industrial automation
The main advantages of 5G in the industrial automation space are the flexibility of wireless links, the reduction in costs and the viability of applications which are not possible with current wireless technologies.
Industrial automation is used today and you have most likely seen videos showing robotics synchronized at work in factories and logistics applications or supply chains. Today, these applications require cables, because Wi-Fi does not provide the scope, mobility and service quality necessary for industrial control, and the latency of current cell technology is too high. With 5G, industrial automation applications can cut the cord and go entirely wireless, which allows more effective smart factories.
As indicated by the ACIA 5G , "Industry 4.0 incorporates the IoT and the associated services in industrial manufacturing, and offers transparent vertical and horizontal integration throughout the value chain and through all strata of the automation pyramid. Connectivity is a key element in industry 4.0 and will support the current developments by providing powerful and omnipresent connectivity between machines, people and objects. »»
For example, with industry 4.0, humans and robots will be able to interact and work together; A machine can lift heavy parts and the worker can attach them. For this to work, the robot must be in constant communication with the factory and its environment. It must be mobile, have a complete physical range of movement and environmental sensors. These advances will allow human-machine symbiotic partnerships where everyone plays the role they play best.
Augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR)
The low latency of 5G will make AR and VR applications that are both immersive and much more interactive. In industrial applications, for example, a technician wearing 5G AR glasses could see a superposition of a machine that would identify the parts, provide repair instructions or show parts that are not sure to the touch. The opportunities for highly reactive industrial applications taking charge of complex tasks that will be numerous.
In professional environments, you can organize AR meetings where it seems that two people are seated together in the same room, transforming boring 2D telephone or 2D video conferences into more interactive 3D meetings.
IoT 5G applications for drones
Drones today have a large and growing set of use cases Beyond use by consumers for filming and photography. For example, public services today use drones for equipment inspection. Logistics and retail companies envision the delivery of goods by drone. The trend will continue and, with 5G, we will be able to push the limits of the drones that exist today, in particular in terms of scope and interactivity.
Today, drones are limited to the line of view and the distance from the controller. If you cannot see the drone or if it is out of reach, you cannot see where it is going and keep control. With 5G, however, you can put glasses to project beyond current limits with low latency and high resolution video. The 5G will extend the scope of the controllers far beyond a few kilometers. This progress will have implications in the fields of research and rescue, border security, surveillance, drone delivery services, etc.
Massive IoT use cases for 5G
One of IoT's future challenges will be its explosive growth. Statistica / IHS predicted that the ratio of devices connected to the IoT in the world by human on the planet will go from 2 per person today to 10 per person by 2025. The planned number of connected devices requiring data connection requires important requirements for communication infrastructure. - including cell towers. While 4G responds fairly well to this need today in relatively good cell density areas, this will improve clearly with 5G.
Documentation of minimum requirements for the IMT -2020 standard - the standard associated with 5G - specifies a minimum connection density of 1 million devices for a square kilometer. In comparison, the 4G LPWA standard supports 60,680 devices with the same coverage size, far from what 5G can offer.
Applications that will benefit from the massive IoT - Wearable and Mobiles
What would trigger such growth in connected IoT devices? Portable devices, trackers and sensors will be a huge market for the massive IoT aspect of 5G. Consider the moment when all your gadgets, devices and machines with which you interact daily are directly connected via a cellular connection, in addition to the phones, tablets and laptops already connected today. 5G will allow many more devices to operate in a transparent manner (without perceived delays, lost signals, etc.) in a given area.
High speed use case for 5G
In high -speed use cases, we will see a range of applications that are currently handicapped by slow speeds. Wireless access (FWA) will provide an ultra-fast internet for consumers and businesses.
Higher bandwidth applications such as 4K and in the future 8K streaming or 360 -degree video will allow consumers high quality immersive experiences at real -time speeds. As a spectator, you can control the angle you want to take. For example, in a video car race, you can watch around you and see who is next or behind you.
Companies will be able to store more information in the cloud and access it via a quick and low latency 5G as if the information was stored locally. This will reduce the need for locally expensive servers. And instead of needing a quick laptop for a calculation and dissemination of information locally, you will do the calculation in the cloud and you will broadcast it continuously. Exactly As locally, your phone will be the vector of these high -end applications.
5G will also change the way companies design commercial connectivity. Today, you can have a fiber, DSL or cable modem line to connect your business for main connectivity and cellular backup in the event of a main connection. But with 5G, cellular can become your main connection, with its high bandwidth, reliability and low latency. You will not have to worry about the building's wiring and the associated installation costs. With cellular, you receive the equipment, you connect it and it works.
The modules we offer
Matlog offers two 5G modules: the FG150 and the FM150-AE from Fibocom. They allow access to the very high speed with low latency.
Dimension: 41.0 x 44.0 x 2.75
LTE FDD: B1/3/5/7/8/18/20/8/32
Antenna: 6 +1 (GPS)
Power supply: 3.3V - 4.4V, Typical 3.8V
NR (New Radio) Mimo: DL 4 x 4 Mimo: N1/3/5/7/38/41/77/78/79 UL 2 x 2 MIMO: N41/77/78/79
LTE MIMO: DL 4 x 4 MIMO: B1/3/7/32/41/42/43 UL 1 x 1 MIMO
Interfaces: UART, SPI, I2S, SDIDI, RGMII, UIM, I2C, MIPI
Dimension: 30.0 x 52.0 x 2.3
LTE FDD: B1/3/5/7/8/20/8/28
Power supply: 3.135V - 4.4V, Typical 3.3V
NR (New Radio) Mimo: DL 4 x 4 Mimo: N1/38/41/77/78/79 UL 2 x 2 MIMO: N41/77/78/79
LTE MIMO: DL 4 x 4 MIMO: B1/38/40/41/42/43 UL 1 x 1 MIMO
5G will mark a technological breakup and allow many new applications that are not viable today. Cases of use of 5G will not be limited to a particular field: consumers, businesses, industries and cities will benefit from one or more dimensions of the "5G triangle":
- URLLC: Ultra reliable low latency communication
- MMTC: Massive communication of the machine type (IoT)
- EMBB: improved mobile high speed
*Written by Digi International